latin name fo chia oil seeds is Salvia Hispanica and is family of the mint
flowering plant, Lamiaceae, with its origin in southern and central
Guatemala and Mexico.
The Chia crop
The Chia crop is
an annual herb which grows up to 1 meter tall and its leaves are placed
opposite ranging from 4 to 8 cm long and 3 to 5 cm wide. The chia flowers
are white or purple and are produced in various different clusters in the
spike at the end of each stem
Chia crop is cultivated for its seed which is rich in omega-3 fatty acids,
due to the fact that chia seeds yield 25–30% extractable oil, including the
(ALA) α - linolenic acid. In total fat, the composition of the
extracted oil is between 60% for omega 3, 15% for omega 6, 5% for omega 9,
and the remaining 20% in saturated
The Chia seeds properties
Chia seeds are commonly very small ovals with a diameter of just about 1mm.
The color is kind a mottle with gray, black, brown and white stripes. Chia
seeds come in two color varieties which is black and white. The white Chia
seeds is formed just by selecting white seeds from the black seeds. Both
black and white chia seeds are the same in all of its properties such as
size, smell and taste.
The Chia oil seed origin
Chia oil seed is widely known in Mexico and some parts of the southwestern
USA but in Europe it is not widely known. Chia is also called chian or
chien and is mostly identified with its Latin name Salvia hispanica L.
Nowadays, the chia oil seed crop is grown commercially not just in Mexico
but also in Argentine, Bolivia, Nicaragua, Australia, Guatemala and
Ecuador. However, in general the Chia crop yields best between 15 degrees
from the equator which means that nowadays it is grown on this latitude
which is South America and Australia.
seeds rich in omega 3 and 6